The Supreme Court justices will decide whether tough restrictions placed on abortion clinics and doctors in Texas constitute an "undue burden" on women seeking legal abortions.
Despite Americans' shifting opinions on a range of moral and ethical issues, abortion foes have been encouraged by numbers showing that opposition to abortion rights appeared to have resisted serious slippage, and was even gaining traction.
But a Gallup poll released Friday shows that may be changing: 50 percent of all Americans now identify as "pro-choice," the first statistically significant lead over the "pro-life" label, which came in at 44 percent, since 2008.
Voters on ballot initiatives in 41 states gave a resounding thumbs-up to recreational marijuana and higher minimum wages, while dividing on abortion-related measures and GMO labeling.
In Colorado, voters rejected a proposal to add "unborn human beings" to the state's criminal code, a measure that some feared could ban abortion.
Just Catholic: If you think all the talk about slippery slopes is exaggerated, think again. Human life is increasingly disposable.
Making a Difference: True respect for life requires us to get out of our comfort zone. Do you respect life in all arenas, or just one?
The California Catholic Conference has filed a federal civil rights complaint protesting a state ruling mandating the inclusion of voluntary direct abortion -- including gender selection and late-term abortion -- in California health insurance policies.
"This is a coercive and discriminatory action by the state of California," said Auxiliary Bishop Robert McElroy of San Francisco, who is chair of the Institutional Concerns Committee of the California Catholic Conference, the public advocacy arm of the state's bishops.
The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops released a statement Tuesday saying a report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office "confirms" the bishops' suspicions about abortion coverage through the Affordable Care Act.
"Despite repeated claims by President Obama and other supporters that the ACA would not promote abortion," the statement reads, "the report identified over a thousand health plans eligible for federal premium subsidies that cover elective abortions."
Book review: Bishops place abortion at the center of Catholic discourse and identity. How did this happen, and how have Catholics responded to the change?
As the Catholic church wrestles with changing community attitudes on key social issues, a new Italian survey finds more support for abortion, gay rights and euthanasia than for cosmetic surgery.
According to the survey published in the daily La Stampa this week, 61 percent of Italians support abortion and 76 percent believe they should be able to request the right to die.
The North Dakota Catholic Conference welcomed the dismissal of a lawsuit challenging a 2013 law requiring doctors at the state's only abortion clinic to have admitting privileges at a local hospital.
The Red River Women's Clinic in Fargo withdrew the suit March 14 after a local health care system certified physicians working at the clinic to admit patients.