[Dean Brackley is a U.S. Jesuit priest and a professor of theology at the University of Central America in San Salvador. He went to serve in El Salvador in 1990 after six Jesuit priests and two coworkers were murdered by the Salvadoran army on the campus of the university. This is the homily he preached at a Mass marking the 30th anniversary of the assignation of San Salvador Archbishop Oscare Romero.]
REMEMBERING MONSEÑOR ROMERO
Grace Cathedral, San Francisco, March 26, 2010
1. Why We Gather
Thirty years ago, Monseñor Romero was murdered while celebrating the Eucharist. We come here today to REMEMBER him, because his life and his words have INSPIRED us. His memory gives us HOPE: This is what it means to follow Christ today! This is what it means to be human! We want to be like this. We want the Church to be like this.
Those of us who were born in the U.S. give thanks to our Central American sisters and brothers for the gift of Monseñor Romero and for your faith and witness. Some of you bear the scars of war, the burden of poverty and suffer now from unjust immigration policies. History has joined us together, permanently.
Today we give thanks to God, because Monseñor was God’s handiwork. Only God can produce that kind of freedom and courage. Only God can give that serenity and peace in the midst of so much pastoral labor, conflict, persecution and personal danger. Only God can inspire someone to speak as he did. Only God can produce love like his. Ignacio Ellacuría said that “With Monseñor Romero, God passed through El Salvador.” God passed through our world.
Thanks to him, it is easier to imagine what Jesus was like. It is easier to understand why they killed Jesus: for the same reasons they killed him. It is not so hard to see how a life and a death like his produces hope and new life. Shortly before he was killed, he gave this unforgettable testament:
2. His Life
Monseñor Romero grew up in the poor eastern town of Ciudad Barrios where, like Jesus, he learned the trade of a carpenter at his father’s side. He entered the national seminary, then studied in Rome and was ordained a priest there in 1942. After another year of studies, he returned to his native diocese of San Miguel where he worked for 23 years in parishes and as secretary of the diocese. He was renowned for his pastoral zeal, his preaching and his concern for the poor. But he had little appreciation of the dynamic relationship between wealth and misery and its implications for the faith.
In 1967 he was called to the capital to serve as secretary to the national Bishops Conference and ordained a bishop himself in 1970. Four years later he was named head of the southeastern diocese of Santiago de Maria. There he began to grasp the nature of structural poverty and state-sponsored repression. In early 1977, at the height of national crisis and at the behest of conservative sectors of society, Romero was named archbishop of San Salvador. A few weeks later, the Jesuit pastor Rutilio Grande was murdered for his outspoken defense of the poor. This shook Romero, who soon realized that the government would not investigate the crime. As he spoke out, Romero found that those who had been his friends abandoned him, and those who had been vilified as communists and radicals stood by him, ready to help. As the veil fell from his eyes, and persecution mounted, Romero quickly became the prophetic voice of the voiceless. He shaped a local church that accompanied the poor in their suffering and their struggles, and paid the price. After three dramatic years as archbishop, he fell victim to an assassin’s bullet at the age of 62.
3. His Message: Good News
Monseñor Romero was good news for the poor of El Salvador, and now he is good news for all of us. His whole ministry communicated the good news of today’s gospel.
Happy are you poor people who hunger and weep. Not because suffering is good, of course, but because God is coming to rescue you from your poverty and hunger. Not because you are morally good, but because God is good and merciful. Woe to you who are rich and full and who laugh now. What’s wrong with laughing? Nothing, of course. What’s wrong is that the rich man is dining in sumptuous robes and laughing, while poor Lazarus longs to eat the crumbs from his table. So, does God hate the rich? Of course not. When he stays overnight with the rich man Zachaeus, Zachaeus gives half of his belongings to the poor. Jesus rejoices: “Salvation has come to this house today!” Besides God’s option for the poor, Jesus shows us God’s preferential option for sinners. That was even more scandalous.
God takes the side of the victims. God is like the mother who runs to defend her younger child when her older child is picking on the younger one. She loves them both, naturally. Today, God takes the side of the worker exploited on the job, but God takes the side of his wife when he returns home and abuses her. Whoever takes advantage of the weak will answer to God for it. To announce the good news of God’s reign today is to say that God’s comes to undo unjust social relations and to offer all of us a new way to live: as brothers and sisters in a new world.
4. Church of the Poor
This message of good news gave meaning to Monseñor Romero’s whole ministry, to the sacraments, popular devotions and everything else. He understood that if the message of the church is not good news for the poor, then it is not the gospel of Jesus Christ.
His message was credible because he lived it. He refused the government’s offer of armed protection on the grounds that his people enjoyed no such provisions. He spoke with authority, because, like Jesus, he did not speak in his own name. He spoke for the poor and in God’s name.
His ministry gave shape to the church of the poor. His pastoral strategy was “acompañar,” to walk with the people in their suffering and their hopes. He placed the poor at the top of the church’s agenda. Monseñor did not first ask, “How will this measure affect the church?” but rather “How will this affect the poor?” He drew others in, constantly asking for help. Since he listened, he won a hearing. Poor, illiterate people treasure how he stopped to ask their opinion and listened patiently to them. This gave him authority to criticize the popular organizations when necessary. “The poor have shown the way forward for the Church,” he said. “The Church that does not join itself to the poor to denounce, from there, the injustices committed against them, is not the true church of Jesus Christ” (Feb. 17, 1980).
We are here so many years after his death, because we recognize him as a model Christian and a model bishop. I believe he will someday be recognized as a Doctor of the Church. Like the Church Fathers of old, I dare say he is a Father of the church of the poor. The church of the third millenium will have many Mothers, like Dorothy Day, as Fathers. Still, Romero will surely be one of its fathers.
5. This way forward!
Monseñor Romero points the way for us. This way forward! Make no mistake: Unless the Christian church follows his example in fulfilling its mission, there can be no solution to the spreading misery, violence and environmental crisis that threatens to do us in.
We are up against it today.
- Poverty is the worst weapon of mass destruction. It kills more people each year than all those who died in World War II. More die from hunger-related causes each day than die from terrorism in an entire year. Hundreds of thousands of Central Americans have fallen into poverty and misery in recent years.
- The war in Afghanistan, which was unnecessary to begin with, has now cost twice what the war in Vietnam war cost, in constant dollars. Over 5 million people have died Central Africa’s recent wars, mostly from sickness and hunger, as the world failed to notice. Today’s nuclear powers maintain a potential for 400,000 Hiroshimas? The U.S. has over 700 military bases in 132 countries. Does this make us secure?
- According to the Torture Abolition and Survivor Support Coalition, more than 150 governments currently practice torture.
- Our environment is in crisis, our ecosystems under siege
- More than one million abortions continue to be performed each year in the U.S.
- Our prison system here is the largest in world history, housing 2.3 million people, most of them black and brown men from poor communities.
- Fleeing poverty, hundreds continue to die crossing the desert in the Southwest. United States immigration law violates fundamental human rights. In the last three years, the U.S. government has been deporting back to Central America over 200 people a day by air, over 70,000 people a year, separating families and sowing fear in communities.
The root cause of these evils is idolatry in the fearful quest for a false security. The idols of wealth and power demand human sacrifice.
It was clear in El Salvador in 1980 that speaking the truth was the most powerful weapon anyone had for overcoming evil. That remains true in this time of smoke and mirrors, hysteria, lying in public and a thunderous silence about inequality, concentration of wealth and militarism. Romero lamented that “The corruption of the press is part of our sad reality, and it reveals the complicity of the oligarchy” (Feb. 15, 1980).
The church is called to speak out and to act, when prisoners of war are held for years without charges and hundreds are abused and “disappeared,” when government lawyers try to justify torture, and especially when God’s name is invoked to defend such things.
Archbishop Romero’s memory invites us to become the church of the poor, to break our Constantinian alliances and pact a new alliance with the powerless as Jesus did.
Three days before Monseñor was assassinated, the Jesuit poet Lluis Espinal was tortured and killed in Bolivia. He had written, “A religion that doesn’t have the courage to speak out for human beings doesn’t have the right to speak out for God.” That is the price of credibility today.
In this season of grace and conversion, on the eve of Holy Week, Monseñor reminds us that God calls us to be better. God has only one way to change the world: by calling each of us by name to let God transform us as he did Monseñor. During his retreat the month before he died, Monseñor wrote these words which you can read on a plaque at the entrance to the chapel where he was martyred: “My attitude should be to give my life for God, however my life may happen to end.” He speaks of his coming death and concludes: “But more valuable than the moment of death is giving over my whole life to him and living for him.” That is what is most important for us. To give our whole lives in love to God. If that love is possible, as Monseñor has shown us it is, pues, ¡otro mundo es posible! Another world is possible. Not only that; we believe that with Jesus that new world is already underway; and his resurrection, which we see reflected in the resurrection of Monseñor Romero in the people, assures us that, despite all appearances to the contrary, the victory is guaranteed. We shall overcome some day! ¡Todavía cantamos, todavía esperamos! We will struggle on together, inspired by our martyr and pastor, filled with hope.
Dean Brackley, S.J.
San Francisco, Califonia
March 26, 2010
1. “Hunger and World Poverty,” www.Poverty.com, cited by Bill Quigley, “Twenty Questions: Social Justice Quiz 2008,” 2. “Terrorism Deaths Rose in 2007,” Voice of America, May 2, 2008; cited by Quigley, “Twenty Questions.” 3. New York Times, Dec. 13, 2008, p. A5. 5. “Una religión que no tenga la valentía de hablar en favor del hombre, tampoco tiene el derecho a hablar en favor de Dios,” Lluis Espinal, “Religión,” in idem, Oraciones a quemarropa, Sucre (Bolivia), 1981; cited in Víctor Codina, Lluis Espinal. “Gastar la vida por los demás,” Cuadernos Cristianisme i Justícia, no. 64, p. 13.
4. Harold Pinter, “Art, Truth and Politics,” Nobel Lecture, 2005,
2. “Terrorism Deaths Rose in 2007,” Voice of America, May 2, 2008; cited by Quigley, “Twenty Questions.”
3. New York Times, Dec. 13, 2008, p. A5.
5. “Una religión que no tenga la valentía de hablar en favor del hombre, tampoco tiene el derecho a hablar en favor de Dios,” Lluis Espinal, “Religión,” in idem, Oraciones a quemarropa, Sucre (Bolivia), 1981; cited in Víctor Codina, Lluis Espinal. “Gastar la vida por los demás,” Cuadernos Cristianisme i Justícia, no. 64, p. 13.