Cardinal Raymond Burke took to the pages of L'Osservatore Romano on Friday to reassure conservatives that Francis strongly backs church teachings on controversial topics.
The Vatican announced an immediate end to new hires, wage increases and overtime in an effort to cut costs and offset budget shortfalls.
Pope Francis, with input from the Vatican's central accounting office, also determined that volunteers could be used to help provide the labor needed to make up for the hiring freeze and eventual attrition.
Cardinal-designate Pietro Parolin, Vatican secretary of state, sent a letter dated Feb. 13 to the heads of all Vatican offices, institutions and agencies.
Members of the College of Cardinals say Pope Francis is looking for discussion in a process that has been "misunderstood."
Understanding God's commandments and church doctrine is useless if those truths aren't put into practice, Pope Francis said.
"A faith without bearing fruit in life, a faith that doesn't bear fruit in works is not faith," the pope said in a Mass homily, focusing on the day's first reading from the Book of James (2:14-24).
Professing the faith without giving a witness makes the Gospel "words and nothing more than words," he said Friday during his early morning Mass in the Domus Sanctae Marthae, where he lives.
Francis pushed the closed-door summit of about 150 cardinals to "deepen the theology of the family and discern the pastoral practices which our present situation requires."
Pope Francis said the worst thing about growing old is not becoming weaker or infirm, but the "abandonment, the exclusion, the deprivation of love" in today's "throwaway culture."
The pope's remarks came in a written message sent to bioethicists, scientists, healthcare professionals, religious, theologians and other experts attending the Pontifical Academy for Life's workshop Thursday and Friday on "Aging and Disability."
Pope Francis on Thursday appointed three bishops: Msgr. Olivier Leborgne as bishop of Amiens, France; Msgr. Carl Kemme as bishop of Wichita, Kan.; and Msgr. Peter Baldacchino as auxiliary bishop of Miami.
The appointment of Kemme, who had been serving as the vicar general of the Springfield, Ill., archdiocese, was first announced Thursday by Springfield Bishop Thomas Paprocki.
Five minutes before the Vatican press office released the official notice of the new bishop's appointment, Paprocki tweeted:
Pope Francis began meeting this morning with cardinals from around the world, launching a series of discussions that could lead to changes in the church's pastoral practices on family life.
If you haven't been to confession recently, don't wait, Pope Francis told people at his weekly general audience. One may walk into the confessional with a heavy heart, but forgiveness brings freedom and lightness.
"If a lot of time has passed, don't lose even one more day. Go," the pope said Wednesday, promising that "the priest will be good. Jesus will be there and he's even nicer than the priest."
"Be courageous. Go to confession," the pope told an estimated 20,000 people at his weekly general audience in St. Peter's Square.
Pope Francis confirmed the top leadership of the Congregation for Eastern Churches and named among its new members Archbishop Joseph Kurtz of Louisville, Ky., president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, and Byzantine Archbishop William Skurla of Pittsburgh.
The Vatican announced Wednesday that the pope confirmed Argentine Cardinal Leonardo Sandri as prefect and Archbishop Cyril Vasil as secretary of the congregation, which assists the Eastern Catholic churches throughout the world and the Latin-rite Catholic dioceses of the Middle East.