"Bishop Bling-Bling" is not the first German clergyman to run into trouble since Pope Francis took the helm of the church.
Divides still exist and we're still working to overcome them -- that was the message of 25 academics gathered in Berlin in June. And the divides are sometimes fundamental.
When bishops and theologians argue, they must enter into a dialogue where there is "respect on every side," Jesuit Fr. François-Xavier Dumortier said in June.
Catholic priests and theologians in Europe cannot use "simplistic ways" of tackling moral questions and must develop a "competence to deal with new thinking" in order to engage secular society, the head of one of France's two pontifical universities said in June.
As Western Europe continues to become more secularized, said Fr. Philippe Bordeyne, theologians must be "faithful to the church teaching but also very faithful to the impulse of freedom."