The cardinals advising Pope Francis on reforming the Curia have discussed the issue of accountability for Catholic bishops who mishandle cases of clergy sexual abuse.
The Vatican said the bishop's candidature was "carefully examined" prior to his appointment but no "objective reasons" were found to preclude it.
Two members of the new Vatican commission advising Pope Francis on clergy sexual abuse have said they are both concerned and surprised at the pontiff's decision to appoint a bishop in Chile who is accused of covering up abuse, and even witnessing it, while he was a priest.
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"You see the distance between the people and the church authorities; the people need to see in their authorities their own problems and lives."
Today, 77-year-old Fr. Gerardo Joannon lives in semi-seclusion, suspended from his parish work, accused of arranging illegal adoptions for teenage girls from prominent families.
Nuns stand accused of working with a network of doctors, nurses and administrators to steal babies from mothers right after they were born.
Under strong security measures, Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati Andrello led the traditional ecumenical "Te Deum" service Thursday to celebrate Chile's national holidays and urged people to change their ways to dispel fear.
Before a metropolitan cathedral packed with government officials -- among them President Michelle Bachelet, congressmen and military -- and leaders of other religious faiths, the cardinal referred to the bombing at the Escuela Militar subway station that injured 14 people Sept. 8.
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Cardinal-designate Ricardo Ezzati Andrello of Santiago, Chile, said he would serve the church with "humility and simplicity" when he is elevated to cardinal in February.
The cardinal-designate also said although his name had been circulated as a potential candidate, the announcement that he was chosen along with 18 others by Pope Francis was "unexpected."