Despite the growth of secularism, hostility toward Christianity and sinful behavior by some ministers, members of the Synod of Bishops said they are optimistic about the future.
Paolo Gabriele will immediately begin serving his prison sentence because the Vatican's prosecutor decided not to file an appeal, a Vatican spokesman said.
Cardinal-designate James M. Harvey has spent 30 years working at the Vatican in positions requiring great discretion and bringing him into daily contact with the pope, the world's most powerful government leaders and millions of Catholic faithful.
Pope Benedict XVI announced Wednesday that he would induct Harvey, a native of Milwaukee, into the College of Cardinals Nov. 24 and that he would appoint him archpriest of the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, the major basilica built over the presumed tomb of St. Paul.
In naming Colombian Archbishop Ruben Salazar Gomez a cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI recognized the work of an outspoken advocate for a peaceful resolution to Colombia's civil war, one of the world's longest-running conflicts.
The pope announced Wednesday that on Nov. 24, he would create six new cardinals, including the 70-year-old archbishop of Bogota, currently president of the Colombian bishops' conference.
The Filipino cardinal announced Wednesday is widely lauded for his theological gifts and his humility.
Cardinal-designate Luis Tagle, 55, of Manila, Philippines, "really takes care of people ... he's so simple and generous and there's no class structure when he deals with people; everyone is equal in his eyes," said Nemie Anciado, a longtime custodian at the cathedral in Imus, Philippines, where the cardinal-designate was bishop from 2001 to 2011.
The world's huge technological and scientific progress hasn't always made people freer or happier, Pope Benedict XVI said.
While scientific knowledge and advancements "are important for human life, it's not enough on its own," the pope said Wednesday at his weekly general audience.
"We need not just material sustenance, we need love, meaning, hope and a solid foundation" that helps people live with courage even in the face of doubt, difficulties, and everyday problems, he said.
NCR Today: If the recent record is any indication, one new cardinal might be willing to speak frankly about issues facing both the church and wider society.
The Society of St. Pius X has expelled Bishop Richard Williamson, saying he refused "to show due respect ... to his lawful superiors."
The report on Paolo Gabriele's trial said while Gabriele was not paid for the Vatileaks, he stood to profit from it "intellectually and morally."
An estimated 80,000 pilgrims watched Pope Benedict name seven new saints Sunday, including two women from North America.