San Francisco's archbishop said Election Day "was a disappointing day for marriage" and praised the work of bishops in the states where same-sex marriage was legalized.
"The Hope of the Gospel in Difficult Economic Times," proposed Monday, was condemned as a betrayal of Catholic social teaching by a retired archbishop.
Viewpoint: In last week's election, the U.S. Catholic bishops took a beating at the polls. Where do the bishops go from here?
Seattle Archbishop J. Peter Sartain said he was "disappointed that so many voters failed to recognize marriage between a man and a woman."
Maryland became one of three states to pass a marriage equality referendum on Election Day, bringing joy to supporters of same-sex marriage.
Mitt Romney failed in his bid to win the White House back for Republicans, but the biggest losers in Tuesday's voting may be Christian conservatives.
President Obama's win, in which he captured all but two of the states he won four years ago, was accomplished with a broad coalition of minorities.
While Massachusetts defeated a "death with dignity" measure, California decided to keep the death penalty and other states voted on abortion.
In 2008, Barack Obama was swept into office on a tide of almost overwhelming optimism, idealism and new hope for the future of our country. Young voters, and voters in general, turned out in record numbers. Many of those who supported him believed in a post-racial America, an end to Washington gridlock, the promise of genuine reform. It was one of the most inspirational times I can remember in my adult life.
"The people of our country have again entrusted you with a great responsibility," Dolan said in a letter to the president Wednesday.